CHEM 1001/CHM 1020/ Chm1025C/CHM1032C Name:________

Module 6 Sample Pretest

 

Part F Volume-Volume Stoichiometry 5 points

 

In the Haber process, nitrogen N2 and hydrogen H2 gases combine to give ammonia gas NH3 as the only product. If 5.55 L of nitrogen gas completely reacts, calculate the volume of ammonia that is produced. Assume all volumes of gas are measured under constant conditions of 500 oC and 300 atm pressure. How many liters of hydrogen are required to complete react the 5.55L of nitrogen?

Using ChemiCalc to balance the equation.

 

 

Step #1 Write the balanced reaction

N2 + 3 H2 2 NH3

 

Step #2 Write the question in Dimensional Analysis format:

 

__?__ L N2 = 5.55 L NH3

 

 

Step #3 Setup the dimensional analysis problem.

 

Think about the Road map of Stoichiometry:

 

 

It is one step with a direct volume to volume unit factor similar to the mole ratio. See (f) above.

 

See Section 10.6 of Chapter 10 as this is the very problem from your textbook on page 264.

 

First answer is 11.1 L NH3

 

Second Question: __?__ L H2 = 5.55 L NH3

 

Second answer: 16.65 L H2

 

Part G Mass-Volume Stoichiometry 5 points

 

Potassium chlorate is used in the lab to make oxygen gas by the following (unbalanced) reaction:

KClO3 KCl + O2

How liters of oxygen at STP may be made from reacting 1.226 grams of Potassium chlorate?

 

Step #1: Write and Balance the Equation:

 

2 KClO3 2 KCl + 3 O2

 

Step#2 Write the question in Dimensional Analysis format:

 

__?__ L O2 = 1.226 g KClO3

 

Step#3 Think about the Stoichiometry Road Map

 

a. Change grams of KCLO3 to moles KCLO3 using molar mass of KCLO3

 

b. Change moles of KCLO3 to moles O2 using the mole ratio from the balanced equation.

 

c. Change moles of O2 to Liters of O2 using the molar gas volume constant assuming STP.

 

Step #4 Setup and Solve the Dimensional Analysis Sequence:

 

 

Your answer is 0.336 L O2